Opera, operetta, musical theater, and zarzuela are all types of performances that involve singing, acting, and music, but they have some important differences.
Opera Opera is a performance style where the characters predominantly sing their lines. The singing is often, in languages like Italian or German and the music is typically classical and intricate. It originated in Italy during the century and has since evolved into different sub genres and styles.
Operetta Operetta can be considered as a version of opera. In operetta there is emphasis on dialogue compared to singing and the music tends to be simpler. The stories in operettas often lean towards humor than seriousness. Operetta emerged in 19th century Europe. Gained popularity for its often amusing storytelling.
Oratorio An oratorio is a scale composition centered around sacred or semi sacred themes. It usually involves voices, a choir and an orchestra. Oratorios are distinct from operas as they are primarily intended for concert performances than staging.
Musical Theater Musical theater combines both singing and spoken dialogue. Places emphasis, on the spoken aspect.Musical theater is known for its English language songs which're often catchy and easy to sing along, to. It covers a range of topics from love stories to events. For than a century musical theater has been a form of entertainment, in the United States and worldwide.
Zarzuela Zarzuela is a performance style rooted in Spain's tradition of theater. It resembles operetta as it combines singing and dialogue but incorporates folk music and dances. Zarzuela stories typically take place in Spain or Spanish speaking countries.